Students’ movements against Vietnam War 2⁄2


Young people publicly burned appointment cards to the army, refused to appear in military units and took on other forms of passive resistance. Escapes to Canada to avoid conscription were also very common. All this resulted in that after Tet offensive President Lyndon Johnson made unofficial decision to gradually withdraw from Vietnam and start peace negotiations with Hanoi. Unfortunately, it took five years to finally withdraw the whole U. S. troops.


Students and gathered in various groupings activists from the so called New Left, played the most important role in the protests against fighting in Vietnam and for civil society. The main organization of pacific students’ movements was founded in 1960 and operating under the name of Students for Democratic Society (SDS). It rejected Marxism as well as the system based on real socialism, and promoted the "revolution" of the middle class. When the social situation in the U.S. became more sharpened, which was also caused by overrunning war in Vietnam, SDS became even more radical. In 1968, the Students for Democratic Society announced themselves a revolutionary organization. Initially, students’ revolt took the occupation of the top five university buildings in New York at Columbia University. Then there was a battle in the academic district Morningside Heights. However, New York police quickly suppressed the riots. In the summer of 1969, during the convention of the members of the SDS in Chicago, most of them withdrew from the ranks of the organization and set up a new, more radical, leftist, and acting in the underground, organization "Weatherman". It is worth mentioning that many of the students working in the SDS and other organizations belonged to the hippies.